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Section 1

ak dept education

special ed handbook

In the classroom students may need assistance with positions for seating so that they are in a position to effectively interact with peers and the teacher and participate effectively in classroom activitiesside-lying frames, walkers, crawling assists, floor sitters, chair inserts, wheelchairs, straps, trays, standing aids, bean bag chairs, sand bags
Computer Access 
Special devices that provide access to computers or environmental controls are necessary for some students to participate in school tasks

Note: Once computer access has been established, it should be coordinated with other systems that the student is using, including powered mobility, communication or listening devices, and environmental control systems.
Input devices: switches, expanded keyboards, mouse, trackball, touch window, speech recognition, head pointers, keyguards, key latches, keyboard emulators, electronic communication devices

Output devices: adaptations which may be needed to access the screen display such as Braille, text enlargement, or synthesized speech
Environmental Control 
In order to achieve independent use of equipment in the classroom various types of controls may be necessaryremote control switches, special adaptations of on/off switches
Augmentative Communication 
A student needs some form of communication in order to interact with others and to learnsymbol systems, communication boards and wallets, electronic communication devices, speech synthesizers, communication enhancement software
Assistive Listening 
Students are expected to learn at school through listening. Assistive devices, which facilitate learning to speak, read, and follow directions may be a necessary adaptationpersonal FM units, sound field FM systems, TDDs, closed caption TV, mild-gain hardware systems
Students whose physical impairments limit their mobility may need devices to help them get around the school and participate in student activitiesself-propelled walkers, manual or powered wheelchairs, and powered recreational vehicles like bikes and scooters, travel aids for individuals with low vision, blindness or dual sensory impairsments (white canes, electronic image sensors which provide information through vibration, and telescopic aids for reading signs or spotting other landmarks).
Visual Aids 
Vision is a primary learning modeoptical or electronic magnifying devices, low vision aids such as hand-held or spectacle-mounted magnifiers or telescopes, closed circuit television read/write systems, cassette tape recordings, large print books, Brailed materials, computer screen reading adaptations such as enlargement, synthesized voice and refreshable Braille, scanners, optical character readers, reading machines, electronic note taking devices, Braille writers, copy machines which can increase the size or contrast of images, halogen or other lighting modifications, and vision stimulation devices such as light boxes
Computer-Based Instruction 
Computer-based instruction can enhance independent participation in activities supporting the curriculumsoftware which can provide tools for written expression, spelling, calculation, reading, basic reasoning and higher level thinking skills
Physical Education, Recreation, Leisure, and Play 
Assistive technology can help students participate in interactive recreational activitiesdrawing software, computer games, computer simulations, painting with a head wand, interactive laser disks, adapted puzzles, beeping balls or goal posts, wheelchairs adapted for participation in sports, game rules in Braille or audio cassette, balance or positioning aids, swimming pool lifts, or adapted sports or fitness/exercise equipment
Self Care 
In order to benefit from education, some students require assistance with self care activities like feeding, dressing, and toiletingrobotics, electric feeders, adapted utensils, specially designed toilet seats, and aids for tooth brushing, washing, dressing, and grooming

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