Click here to log in
RSS Feed
One Stop
One Stop
Apply Now
close menu

Slider Arrow OrangeInstructional Support
close menu


Glossary of Terms

COLOR:Visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a surface. An element of art with three properties: (1) hue, the color name, e.g., red, yellow, blue; (2) intensity, the brightness and purity of a color, e.g., bright red or dull red; and (3) value, the lightness or darkness of a color.
FORM:An object that is three-dimensional, real or implied, having height, width, and depth. Cubes, spheres, pyramids, and cylinders are examples.
LINE:The continuous mark, visual or implied, made by a moving point. It may be two-dimensional (pencil on paper), three dimensional (wire), or implied (the edge of a shape or form). Line may vary in length, direction, texture, width, curvature, and color.
SHAPE:A two-dimensional area defined by a closed line, real or implied, which can be freeform or geometric, both manmade and natural; an area clearly set off by one or more of the other elements, such as color, value, line, and texture. Shape has area, but no volume.
TEXTURE:The way a surface feels to the sense of touch (tactile) or how it has been implied to the sense of sight (visual).
VALUELight and dark areas. Value depends on how much light a surface reflects.
SCRIPT:Written material containing character dialogue, setting, and movement for actors.
ACTING:The art/skill of portraying a character.
STAGECRAFT:The art of creating all the elements of a production, such as sets, properties, etc.
DIRECTING:The art of guiding the production and actors in their characterization.
IMPROVISATION:The art of acting from impulse.
DYNAMICS:The degree of loudness in music.
TEMPO:The speed of the pulse/beat of music.
ARTICULATION:The manner of sounding individual pitches or phrases, the characteristics of attack, and decay of tones.
TONE COLOR:The character or quality of a sound that distinguishes instruments, voices, or other sound sources.
BEAT/METER:The grouping in which a succession of rhythmic pulses or beats is organized; indicated by a meter signature at the beginning of a work.
RHYTHM:The occupation of sound or silence within a set period of time.
MELODY:Series of pitches with a sense of completion (the tune).
HARMONY:Supporting structure for a melody (chords, etc.).
TONALITY (major/minor):The harmonic relationship of tones with respect to a definite center or point of rest: fundamental too much of western music from California 1600.
TEXTURE (Music):The density of sound (e.g., thick or thin, combination of instruments, or voices).
FORM STRUCTURE (Music):The overall structural organization of a music composition (e.g., AB, ABA, rondo, call-response, theme, variations, and sonata-allegro) and the interrelationships of music events within the overall structure.
STYLE BACKGROUND (Music):The distinctive or characteristic manner in which the elements of music are treated (e.g., composers, periods, media, nations, and genre).
BODY (What):The body is the "instrument" of dance. Concepts in this area include body parts, locomotor and nonlocomotor movement, and work with partners and groups in mirroring and echoing.
SPACE (Where):Space is seen in relation to the body and in relation to the surrounding space. Space includes personal space, general space, directions, levels, pathways, planes, shapes, and focus.
TIME (When):Movement occurs in observable patterns of time. Time includes breath, heartbeat, pulse, tempo, meter, and phrase.
ENERGY/FORCE (How):Energy involves the "quality" or substance of a movement. The use of imagery is helpful in communicating this idea.

You are currently using:  

We apologize, but your browser is not fully supported by the KPBSD website, therefore some features may not work as intended. Please upgrade to the most recent version of any supported browser below to ensure an optimal browsing experience.