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Glossary of Terms

VISUAL
COLOR:Visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a surface. An element of art with three properties: (1) hue, the color name, e.g., red, yellow, blue; (2) intensity, the brightness and purity of a color, e.g., bright red or dull red; and (3) value, the lightness or darkness of a color.
FORM:An object that is three-dimensional, real or implied, having height, width, and depth. Cubes, spheres, pyramids, and cylinders are examples.
LINE:The continuous mark, visual or implied, made by a moving point. It may be two-dimensional (pencil on paper), three dimensional (wire), or implied (the edge of a shape or form). Line may vary in length, direction, texture, width, curvature, and color.
SHAPE:A two-dimensional area defined by a closed line, real or implied, which can be freeform or geometric, both manmade and natural; an area clearly set off by one or more of the other elements, such as color, value, line, and texture. Shape has area, but no volume.
TEXTURE:The way a surface feels to the sense of touch (tactile) or how it has been implied to the sense of sight (visual).
VALUELight and dark areas. Value depends on how much light a surface reflects.
DRAMA
SCRIPT:Written material containing character dialogue, setting, and movement for actors.
ACTING:The art/skill of portraying a character.
STAGECRAFT:The art of creating all the elements of a production, such as sets, properties, etc.
DIRECTING:The art of guiding the production and actors in their characterization.
IMPROVISATION:The art of acting from impulse.
MUSIC
DYNAMICS:The degree of loudness in music.
TEMPO:The speed of the pulse/beat of music.
ARTICULATION:The manner of sounding individual pitches or phrases, the characteristics of attack, and decay of tones.
TONE COLOR:The character or quality of a sound that distinguishes instruments, voices, or other sound sources.
BEAT/METER:The grouping in which a succession of rhythmic pulses or beats is organized; indicated by a meter signature at the beginning of a work.
RHYTHM:The occupation of sound or silence within a set period of time.
MELODY:Series of pitches with a sense of completion (the tune).
HARMONY:Supporting structure for a melody (chords, etc.).
TONALITY (major/minor):The harmonic relationship of tones with respect to a definite center or point of rest: fundamental too much of western music from California 1600.
TEXTURE (Music):The density of sound (e.g., thick or thin, combination of instruments, or voices).
FORM STRUCTURE (Music):The overall structural organization of a music composition (e.g., AB, ABA, rondo, call-response, theme, variations, and sonata-allegro) and the interrelationships of music events within the overall structure.
STYLE BACKGROUND (Music):The distinctive or characteristic manner in which the elements of music are treated (e.g., composers, periods, media, nations, and genre).
DANCE
BODY (What):The body is the "instrument" of dance. Concepts in this area include body parts, locomotor and nonlocomotor movement, and work with partners and groups in mirroring and echoing.
SPACE (Where):Space is seen in relation to the body and in relation to the surrounding space. Space includes personal space, general space, directions, levels, pathways, planes, shapes, and focus.
TIME (When):Movement occurs in observable patterns of time. Time includes breath, heartbeat, pulse, tempo, meter, and phrase.
ENERGY/FORCE (How):Energy involves the "quality" or substance of a movement. The use of imagery is helpful in communicating this idea.

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