Language Arts - Grade 9

LANGUAGE ARTS
Grade 9 

ESSENTIAL CONTENT/SKILLS CONTENT/PERFORMANCE
ORAL COMMUNICATION A B C D E
Use appropriate voice, phrasing, and intonation in different situations.        
Communicate clearly in an organized and sequential manner.        
Use appropriate grammar and vocabulary.        
Practice effective discussion techniques
  • Stay focused on the topic
  • Activate prior knowledge
  • Make personal connections
  • Ask for clarification
  • Summarize information
  • Respond
  • Acknowledge
  • Restate the ideas and opinions of others respectfully
       
PRESENTATIONS          
Use research-based information and analysis in research projects or extended reports. 4.2.4        
Incorporate body basics:
  • Posture
  • Eye contact
  • Movement
  • Gestures
       
Use multi-media to enhance presentation.        
Use notes/outline in presentation.        
Stay on topic while sharing information with audience.        
Demonstrate audience awareness and adapts presentation to audience.      
Incorporate references.    
Incorporate effective attention grabbing opener.        
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION          
Grammar & Usage          
Combine sentences for fluency, using precise and descriptive words and/or eliminating irrelevant details to improve quality and effectiveness of writing. 4.4.3        
Vary beginnings, lengths and patterns of sentences to improve flow and to enhance meaning and style of writing. 4.3.1        
Writing Genre          
Write a narrative using elements of fiction to advance the plot. 4.2.1        
Use expressive language when producing or responding to texts (poetry, journals, editorials, drama, reflective essays, and/or newsletters) 4.2.3        
Write in a variety of nonfiction forms (letter, report, biography, and/or autobiography to inform, describe or persuade) 4.2.2        
WRITING PROCESS          
Prewriting          
Determine genre and use prewriting strategies to select topic and collect and organize details.        
Drafting          
Incorporate the thesis statement, which identifies the focus or controlling idea for the entire composition, into an introductory paragraph which may include a lead or hook, such as an anecdote, startling statistic, or quotation. 4.1.1        
Write in paragraphs that include relevant details and evidence that support the main ideas of the paragraph and thesis statement, grouping ideas logically within the paragraph, placing paragraph breaks logically. 4.1.2        
Organize ideas using appropriate structure to maintain the unity of the composition (order of importance, cause and effect, classification and definition) using a variety of transitional words and phrases. 4.1.3        
Write a concluding paragraph that connects concluding elements to the introductory elements. 4.1.4        
Revising          
Give/receive appropriate feedback and evaluate writing based on established criteria. 4.4.2        
Review content and organize making appropriate changes to improve clarity and logical progression of ideas(e.g., increasing elaboration or support for ideas/thesis, providing relevant details, definitions, narrative anecdotes, illustrative scenarios, or counterarguments appropriate to the genre. 4.4.1        
Create a title to reflect content.        
Revise for descriptive adjectives and adverbs.        
Reread and rearrange words, sentences, and sequence of ideas to clarify meaning.        
Replace commonly used verbs with vivid verbs.        
Use a thesaurus to locate and choose effective synonyms for common words or to avoid redundancy. 3.6.2        
Clarify thesis statement and/or topic sentences and adding details to support main ideas, if needed. 4.4.4        
Make style, diction, and voice or persona more consistent with form (e.g., organizational structure or writing genre) and the perspective conveyed. 4.4.5        
Editing          
Apply rules of capitalization (titles and proper nouns) 4.3.4        
Apply rules of spelling (homophones, irregular plurals, and contractions) 4.3.2        
Apply rules of punctuation:
  • Commas
  • Quotation marks
  • Apostrophes
  • Semicolons
  • Colons
  • Hyphens
  • Parentheses
  • Transitions
4.3.3        
Apply rules of usage:
  • Verb tense
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Possessives
  • Pronouns
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Sentence structure
4.3.5        
Select correct choice when using grammar-checking software (e.g., accepts suggested change or disregards inappropriate suggested change) 3.6.4        
Correct misspellings using available software programs, including choosing the correct spelling option among several choices 3.6.1        
Publishing          
Produce a final copy        
RESEARCH          
Process          
Skim/scan for key information        
Gives credit for others' ideas, images, and multimedia information, including others' ideas directly quoted or paraphrased by student, by citing sources using a standard method of documentation (e.g., MLA or APA style)       4.5.1  
Understands plagiarism and ramifications        
Resources          
Select and use appropriate sources (web, journals, on-line libraries        
Use formatting features to produce a final draft by centering title, choosing appropriate font size and style, indentation, pagination, and line spacing. 3.6.3        
Use resources throughout the writing process.
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Peer conference
  • Scoring guide
  • Genre exemplars
  • Style manual
  • Rubric
  • Word processor
4.4.6        
NOTE TAKING          
Take notes from appropriate sources of information        
Organize information in to a workable format using outlining, graphic organizers, note cards, or visuals      
List sources of authors and titles of books and other materials when used as references in written work      
Utilize note-taking strategies: words, phrases, fragments, paraphrasing